The United Ancient Order of Druids was one of the earliest fraternal groups to hit the scene. Founded in 1771 in London, England, it was only two years later that the group formed a Grand Lodge of it’s own. The first Lodge in the Americas was chartered in 1830 in New York, New York. However, the area that would become the greatest supporter wouldn’t see a local “Grove” until 1858, when the first Grove was chartered in California.
Like many fraternal organizations, the Druids resembled Freemasonry, working several side degrees and forming many different appendent organizations. More information on Druidism can be found on the Marin County Historical Site.
It appears that Druid Groves still exist in parts of California and Nevada, but the group was reported to have less than 6500 members by the middle of the twentieth century. In California the Druidic family is composed of three separate bodies: Groves, being the Brotherhood, Circles, known as the Sisterhood, and the Chapters, known as the Fun Branch. A member of the brotherhood branch can in due time join the sisterhood. However, a member of the sisterhood cannot join the brotherhood branch. Both members of the brotherhood and the sisterhood are eligible to join the Chapter branch. All three branches of the Druidic Fraternity claim a root in antiquity and each branch has its own moral precepts. The home page of the Druids of California can be found here.
This fez hails from a Grove located in San Francisco, CA. Based upon the construction and embroidery, it can be dated to sometime in the mid twentieth century.